Angular Proxy and the role of pathRewrite


My angular project is running in dev mode on the default port, i.e. http://localhost:4200, and I’m at the point in development where I want to start hitting my REST API in order to start getting and posting data to my database. The backend server is an Express server running on http://localhost:8080. So I followed the steps here to set up my Angular proxy, but was still facing the below errors:

My projects have changed a lot as I’m learning, and I’m using the /auth/ route in my front end for authentication API calls, however this needs to be able to use the existing back end route of /AttemptLogin. This is where the role of pathRewrite comes in. We can change the proxy set up to the below:

  "/auth/*": {
    "target": "http://localhost:8080",
    "secure": false,
    "logLevel": "debug",
    "changeOrigin": true,
    "pathRewrite": {
      "^/auth": "/AttemptLogin"

pathRewrite can be used to change the incoming path to the one you want to hit. So incoming is /auth and the above config changes proxies the request to /AttemptLogin

You can think of it like a ‘before’ and ‘after’:

Before: localhost:4200/auth >> after: localhost:<target>/pathRewrite i.e. localhost:8080/AttemptLogin

Angular Material Table with Reactive Forms as the data source


So I’ve got to say I was pretty blown away today when I figured out how to use a reactive form as the data source for a mat-table. This feature is really awesome as it means I don’t need one array for my table data source and then another for my form. The even better thing is my form is broken up into parent and child forms with the parent knowing nothing about the structure of the child forms and the child forms knowing nothing about the parent form. This means I can plug different components into my main form until the cows come home and neither the parent nor the children care. Angular modularity really at its finest!

Here’s how:

First define your reactive form using the FormBuilder:

this.parentForm ={
parentItem1: [''],
parentItem2: ['']
childArray: this.fb.array([]) //Notice how we didn't put any controls in here?

You can see in the above that the form has 2 parts, one group with some defined controls in it ‘parentGroup’, and another group that is just an array that hasn’t been defined yet. We didn’t define it because that’s the job of the child form. Now let’s create our template and show how we pass the parent form into the child. There’s a more in depth article about this here.

	<input formControlName="parentItem1" type="text" matInput>

	<input formControlName="parentItem2" type="text" matInput>
<child-component [parentForm]="parentForm"></<child-component>

You can see above that we’ve tied the 2 inputs to the parentGroup and passed the whole form down to the child component, the child component is where the mat-table lives.

In the child we’re going to take the parentForm as an input and then add the controls to it we need. This way the parent form doesn’t know about what’s in the child until the child creates the contents of the childGroup array. Bear in mind that childGroup doesn’t have to be an array, however the mat-table needs an array so it makes sense.

@Input() parentForm: FormGroup;


this.childArray = this.parentForm.get('childArray') as FormArray;

let row1 ={
column1: [''],
column2: ['']

let row2 ={
column1: [''],
column2: ['']


In the above we’re getting the childArray from the parentForm and the two are now bound together, so anything you do in the chil component will be reflected in the parent.

We define a new group and then add this to the child array. These are the records that will show up in our mat-table.

There’s abit of work to do to create the data source for the table and this is where some of the magic happens:

this.tableDataSource = new MatTableDataSource((this.recordForm.get('childArray') as FormArray).controls);

Here we’re setting the table to use the controls in the FormArray that has been passed in from the parent as it data source. The only piece of the puzzle left is to let our table know how to access the child array.

Now let’s define our table (this is just the columns) you can read more about defining a table here in the Angular docs.:

<ng-container matColumnDef="column1">
      <th mat-header-cell *matHeaderCellDef> Column1 </th>
      <td mat-cell *matCellDef="let element" (click)="toggleRow(element)"> {{element.get("column1").value}} </td>

<ng-container matColumnDef="column2">
      <th mat-header-cell *matHeaderCellDef> Column2 </th>
      <td mat-cell *matCellDef="let element" (click)="toggleRow(element)"> {{element.get("column2").value}} </td>

Here’s the really special part (or so I thought):


This binds the array to the table.

So now:

  • The parent passes its whole form to the child with parts yet to be defined, which is the job of the child.
  • The child defines the needed form components, which are automatically bound to the parent when they are created
  • The form array is used as the data source for the table
  • The table has its columns matched to those of the datasource i.e. the form array
  • Everything is all tied together

I know reactive forms can be a bit of a complicated pain sometimes, but when you start doing complicated things, the benefits really outweigh the costs. Having said that, this is the first time I’ve done anything like this with reactive forms, so it might all just be a steaming hot pile of garbage!

Also, if even one person asks I’ll create a stackblitz showing how it all works.

SSMS peek at your tables using SELECT keyboard shortcut


I often want to see a sample of the table I’m querying as i’m writing my queries or stored procedures. For instance if I want to know the name of a column or even get a sample from one of the cells. The old and slow way to do this is obviously to SELECT TOP 10 * FROM <your table name>, however when you’re in the middle of a large or complex join you don’t want to move to a new window to type that out. Basically, because every time you do that a fairy dies.

The way you should do it is by making use of SSMS’s inbuilt query shortcuts. You can find these in Tools > Options > Keyboard > Query Shortcuts

As you can see I’ve added ‘SELECT TOP 100 * FROM ‘ as my Ctrl + 3 shortcut. So now I can highlight the table I want to peek at and hit Ctrl + 3 and the results will be show in the results window without having to do any extra typing.

Please full enjoy radio button deselect


I believe there’s a small issue with the way radio buttons work in web where there is no way to deselect a selected radio button once it’s been checked. Which is a problem if you have a form with an optional question on it that gets answered by mistake. The only way to reverse the checked radio button is to reset the form or reload the page, which is a problem if you have alarge form to fill out.

You can use the below code to allow users to double click a radio button to deselect it.

function(ele) {;

    ele.addEventListener('dblclick', function(){

    //This is used to clear the selection. Otherwise we'd need to refresh the form
    //if the user doesn't want to pick an option before saving the case.
    //NB. Because the click method will fire each time as part of the MDC component
    //if you double-click on a blank field it will fire the click method twice.
    //Which you could argue is expected behaviour

        const currentRadio = document.getElementById(;

        const radio = new;

            radio.checked = false;            

}); web – chipset search


This may not be the greatest code in the world, but it works for my purpose. I’m building a web app that has chips all visible for use in an emergency call centre. I want to be able to tab into the chipset and then type in order to quickly go to the chip I want instead of tabbing all the way along.

I make use of an attribute of the chip set itself to store the currently searched value. You can add an attribute by using the attr jquery function

Here’s the code:

if($(".mdc-chip-set").find(':focus').length != 0 && event.keyCode > 59 && event.keyCode < 91)
    //Clear any active timers
    clearTimeout($.data(this, "timer"));

    var searchString = "";    

    //Check if we've already got a string that we're searching
    searchString += $(".mdc-chip-set").attr("searchString");

    //Add the current key to the search string
    $(".mdc-chip-set").attr("searchString", searchString += String.fromCharCode(event.which).toLowerCase());

    //Find the currently focussed chip set and go through each of its children to
    //see which one matches
    const items = $(".mdc-chip-set").find(':focus').parent().children();
      //See if the ID of the chip matches the search string
        return false;

    //Set the timer
    $(this).data("timer", setTimeout(function()
    }, 500));


I’m searching the ID of my chip for what the user is entering, my IDs are in the format –, e.g. er-animal-type-chip–Dog

So as the user types we look for IDs where the searchable section matches what has been typed so far (well in the last 500ms anyway). Then we focus on that chip. Notice that the each function is existed from as soon as a match is found. Web – Resetting Selected Chips


I couldn’t find this documented anywhere when I was looking and it could be a gap in my javascript knowledge (it’s a gap in my javascript knowledge), but I was struggling to figure out how to reset the selected chips in a web chipset.

Here’s the HTML for the chipset:

<label class="mdc-label">Main Problem(s)</label>
class="mdc-chip-set mdc-chip-set--filter" id="er-problem-chipset"> % for (var i = 0; i .length; i++) { %>
class="mdc-chip" id="er-chip-problem--">
class="mdc-chip__checkmark" > class="mdc-chip__checkmark-svg" viewBox="-2 -3 30 30"> class="mdc-chip__checkmark-path" fill="none" stroke="black" d="M1.73,12.91 8.1,19.28 22.79,4.59"/>
class="mdc-chip__text">%= problemTypeData[i].Problem%>
</div> <%}%> </div>

You can see the if for the chipset is:id="er-problem-chipset">

So we can use the below in a reset method:  

  //Make sure to use vanilla JavaScript here and not JQuery in order to
  //get the chipset
  const chipSetEl = document.querySelector('#er-problem-chipset');
  const chipSet = new mdc.chips.MDCChipSet(chipSetEl);

  //Go through all of the selected chips and set them to not selected
  chipSet.selectedChipIds.forEach(element => {

    const currentChip = new mdc.chips.MDCChip(document.getElementById(element));
    currentChip.selected = false;

We can take this one step further by going through all of the chipsets and resetting them all:  

  //Make sure to use vanilla JavaScript here and not JQuery in order to
  //get the chipset
  const allChipSets = document.querySelectorAll('.mdc-chip-set');

  //Go through all of the chip sets and reset them all
  allChipSets.forEach(currentChipSet => {

  const chipSet = new mdc.chips.MDCChipSet(currentChipSet);

  //Go through all of the selected chips and set them to not selected
  chipSet.selectedChipIds.forEach(element => {

    const currentChip = new mdc.chips.MDCChip(document.getElementById(element));
    currentChip.selected = false;


INR number to words with ARRAYFORMULA in Google Sheets


Amit Agarwal has put together a great little script for Google Sheets that turns INR (Indian Rupees) amounts into words. Like you’d need to use if you were writing a cheque.

You can find the original code here: INR Amount to Words

However in its current state it won’t work if you want to use it in an ARRAYFORMULA. You only need to make a small change though and the below code will help with that.

We just need to check if an array is being sent in the input and then either process each of the rows in the array, or process the single incoming row if appropriate.

function INR(input)
    return INR_(input);

function INR_(input) {........


As you can see I’ve renamed the original function to INR_ so that we can add the new functionality without breaking the original functionality.

The same logic can then be used to turn any function into one that will work in an ARRAYFORMULA. Because if you’re still coping VLOOKUPS all the way to the bottom of your sheet you’re wasting your time!